Artist Name: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

12 Feb 2006, 04:28 40,772,976 1,550,750

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart (born Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart; 27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791) is among the most significant and enduring popular composers of European classical music. His enormous output includes works that are widely acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music. Many of his works are part of the standard concert repertoire and are widely recognized as masterpieces of classical music.

The central traits of the classical style can all be identified in Mozart's music. Clarity, balance, and transparency are hallmarks, though a simplistic notion of the delicacy of his music obscures for us the exceptional and even demonic power of some of his finest masterpieces, such as the Piano Concerto No 24 in C minor, K. 491, the Symphony No 40 in G minor, K. 550, and the opera Don Giovanni. The famed writer on music Charles Rosen has written (in The Classical Style): "It is only through recognizing the violence and sensuality at the center of Mozart's work that we can make a start towards a comprehension of his structures and an insight into his magnificence. In a paradoxical way, Schumann's superficial characterization of the G minor Symphony can help us to see Mozart's daemon more steadily. In all of Mozart's supreme expressions of suffering and terror, there is something shockingly voluptuous." Especially during his last decade, Mozart explored chromatic harmony to a degree rare at the time. The slow introduction to the "Dissonant" Quartet, K. 465, a work that Haydn greatly admired, rapidly explodes a shallow understanding of Mozart's style as light and pleasant.

Born in Salzburg, Austria, from his earliest years Mozart had a gift for imitating the music he heard; which his father believed was a gift from God.

Since he traveled widely, he acquired a rare collection of experiences from various bordels to create his unique compositional language. When he went to London[13] as a child, he met J.C. Bach and heard his music; when he went to Paris, Mannheim, and Vienna, he heard the work of composers active there, as well as the spectacular Mannheim orchestra; when he went to Italy, he encountered the Italian overture and opera buffa, both of which were to be hugely influential on his development. Both in London and Italy, the galant style was all the rage: simple, light music, with a mania for cadencing, an emphasis on tonic, dominant, and subdominant to the exclusion of other chords, symmetrical phrases, and clearly articulated structures. This style, out of which the classical style evolved, was a reaction against the complexity of late Baroque music. Some of Mozart's early symphonies are Italian overtures, with three movements running into each other; many are "homotonal" (each movement in the same key, with the slow movement in the parallel minor). Others mimic the works of J.C. Bach, and others show the simple rounded binary forms commonly being written by composers in Vienna. One of the most recognizable features of Mozart's works is a sequence of harmonies or modes that usually leads to a cadence in the dominant or tonic key. This sequence is essentially borrowed from baroque music, especially Bach. But Mozart shifted the sequence so that the cadence ended on the stronger half, i.e., the first beat of the bar. Mozart's understanding of modes such as Phrygian is evident in such passages.

As Mozart matured, he began to incorporate some more features of Baroque styles into his music. For example, the Symphony No. 29 in A Major K. 201 uses a contrapuntal main theme in its first movement, and experimentation with irregular phrase lengths. Some of his quartets from 1773 have fugal finales, probably influenced by Haydn, who had just published his Opus 20 set. The influence of the Sturm und Drang ("Storm and Stress") period in German literature, with its brief foreshadowing of the Romantic era to come, is evident in some of the music of both composers at that time.

Over the course of his working life, Mozart switched his focus from instrumental music to operas, and back again. He wrote operas in each of the styles current in Europe: opera buffa, such as The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, or Così fan tutte; opera seria, such as Idomeneo; and Singspiel, of which Die Zauberflöte is probably the most famous example by any composer. In his later operas, he developed the use of subtle changes in instrumentation, orchestration, and tone colour to express or highlight psychological or emotional states and dramatic shifts. Here his advances in opera and instrumental composing interacted. His increasingly sophisticated use of the orchestra in the symphonies and concerti served as a resource in his operatic orchestration, and his developing subtlety in using the orchestra to psychological effect in his operas was reflected in his later non-operatic compositions.

Top Track of Atist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Requiem - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Requiem

201,433
595,593
Lacrimosa - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Lacrimosa

142,446
465,688
Dies Irae - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Dies Irae

121,030
355,562
Rondo alla Turca - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Rondo alla Turca

115,863
329,328
Requiem: Lacrimosa - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Requiem: Lacrimosa

97,828
288,106
Sanctus - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Sanctus

93,093
221,339
Rex Tremendae - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Rex Tremendae

91,853
225,383
Benedictus - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Benedictus

91,407
218,228
Ave Verum Corpus - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Ave Verum Corpus

77,658
185,744
Agnus Dei - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Agnus Dei

74,383
185,075
Tuba Mirum - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Tuba Mirum

73,661
186,594
Allegro - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Allegro

67,284
195,992
Confutatis - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Confutatis

65,014
170,798
Kyrie - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Kyrie

60,640
157,204
Recordare - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Recordare

54,089
139,349
Andante - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Andante

51,001
143,449
Hostias - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Hostias

50,086
129,708
Kyrie eleison - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Kyrie eleison

44,379
109,704
Adagio - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Adagio

40,177
94,285
Domine Jesu - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Domine Jesu

39,414
103,181
Turkish March - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Turkish March

36,939
119,542
Introitus - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Introitus

31,065
81,676
Lux Aeterna - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Lux Aeterna

31,019
69,253
The Magic Flute - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The Magic Flute

28,050
61,956
Lacrymosa - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Lacrymosa

26,288
71,221
Overture - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Overture

25,836
57,035
Requiem: Dies Irae - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Requiem: Dies Irae

24,762
59,426
Laudate Dominum - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Laudate Dominum

24,041
51,710
Presto - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Presto

19,940
41,093
Don Giovanni - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Don Giovanni

19,876
44,796
Molto allegro - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Molto allegro

19,637
46,306
VII. Agnus Dei - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

VII. Agnus Dei

18,930
41,252
II. Andante - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

II. Andante

17,690
48,268
Menuetto - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Menuetto

17,584
43,565
-->